Circassia and Abkhazia, Their History and Character

Cicassian Benevolent Association. 25 February 2001 (25 Mezay 2001)

Abstract
The Northwest Caucasus, home of various Circassian tribes, of the Abaza, and of the Karachai-Malkar people and hitherto quiescent, has lacked any states in its history, surviving with a distinct form of political and social structure. The Russian conquest of this region destroyed these traditional patterns. Ironically Russian rule has opened the way for the formation of modern states, despite some persistent obstacles. These pre-state conditions make the currently rising tensions in this area extremely dangerous. If war erupts in this region, Russia will find restoring peace extremely difficult and may risk loosing the entire Caucasus.

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