The following is an account of research in progress, as it was presented at the fifth CESS conference, 17-20 October 2002.

In the past 15 years I have made a strong case that Indo-European was related to one of the Caucasian language families (Northwest Caucasian) at the distant level, in a phylem which I have called Pontic, (Colarusso 1996; in press). Uli Schamiloglu encouraged me to examine the far-flung links for Eurasia contained in the Nostratic hypothesis from a new critical perspective based upon my work.

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